21 Years Ago: SLAC Installs the First Web Server in the US
21 Years Ago: SLAC Installs the First Web Server in the USThe first WWW server in the U.S. just turned 21 years old. Tim Berners-Lee set up the Machine at CERN in December 1991, a little over two years after the initial proposal of the WWW.
It was a NeXT server and ran NeXTSTEP initially. It was first shown at the Hypertext 91 conference in San Antonio and hosted the world's first web page, http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. The page was visualized by the world's first WWW browser called WorldWideWeb, which was developed at CERN in 1990.
According to the organization, more servers followed subsequently in Europe over the course of the year. There is no clear information when Berners-Lee activated that first server, but we know that the first WWW server outside Europe was installed at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) in December 1991.
One year later, in 1992, there were 26 WWW servers worldwide. By the end of 1993 there were more than 200 WWW servers, and by the end of 1994, there were more than 10,000 servers with more than 10 million users. According to Netcraft, the Internet currently consists of more than 633 million websites and Internet World Stats estimates the Internet population at 2.4 billion users worldwide.
Wolfgang GruenerWolfgang Gruener is a contributor to Tom's IT Pro. He is currently principal analyst at Ndicio Research, a market analysis firm that focuses on cloud computing and disruptive technologies, and maintains the conceivablytech.com blog. An 18-year veteran in IT journalism and market research, he previously published TG Daily and was managing editor of Tom's Hardware news, which he grew from a link collection in the early 2000s into one of the most comprehensive and trusted technology news sources.
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